If the matter is severe then yes, you can receive an RFC NCOER. If the matter is not severe, you will usually be given a counseling that identifies the areas you need to improve. Your progress will likely be re-evaluated weekly (in writing). If you improve, you will probably not be relieved, though the situation may merit mention on your NCOER. If you do not improve, they will proceed with the RFC. In addition, should your performance improve and then slide again in the future, there is no requirement to redo the 30-day counseling.